Thoroughly practical: how to restore political and social order Dao is passive and yielding, does nothing yet accomplishes everything Burned all books except some with utilitarian value Opposition from native Persians; lost control over northern India and Iran, Based in Iran, extend to Mesopotamia Cultivators and urban masses lived at subsistence level The Gracchi brothers supported land redistribution; both were assassinated Crossed Indus River, army refused to go farther Public timelines; Search; Sign in; Sign up; Sub-Saharan 600 BCE – 600 CE Timeline created by nocona98. Go Back in time. The first ruler if the empire was Chandragupta I. In History-550 BCE. Height of Athenian democracy Ramayana, a secular story of Rama and Sita, was changed into a Hindu story Appeared in all large cities of Roman empire, third century ce Roman Empire: population dropped by a quarter from the first to tenth century ce Roman Empire 600 BCE -600 CE BY: Amalia Torres P.1. Monarchy disguised as a republic Jewish Diaspora The Assyrians conquered the Kingdom of Israel. In History-722 BCE. Silk and spices traveled west Eastern Zhou Dynasty 770 BCE - 221 BCE. India- spices and pepper Achieve salvation (moksha) through meeting caste responsibilities Under Huns' pressure, Germanic peoples streamed into the Roman empire Their ascetic practices influenced Christian practices in the Roman empire; monastic societies Retained Achaemenid system of administration Invaded Persian homeland and burned Persepolis Economy of Athens and Corinth flourished through trade Ahura Mazda as a supreme deity, with 6 lesser deities The monastic organizations- extremely efficient at spreading the Buddhist message and winning converts to the faith Neolithic Revolution 8000 BCE - 2000 BCE. Problems of factions and land distribution led to rebellions Greeks founded more than 400 colonies Educated or skilled slaves worked as craftsmen and business managers Distinction was drawn by prowess, discipline, and military talent Slavery- one-third of the population CE and BCE are used in exactly the same way as the traditional abbreviations AD and BC. In History. Nomadic peoples came in; China became even more divided for 350 years, Gradual sinicization of nomadic peoples Large class of slaves who were prisoners of war and debtors Spartan women enjoyed higher status than women of other poleis Ethics and politics- not religious Appealed strongly to members of lower castes because it did not recognize social hierarchies of castes and jati Reign of terror follows, Very popular social reformer and conqueror (Gaul) He wanted to invade Persia proper before the winter started. You just need to know the general placement of civilizations and stuff, like don’t say that the Gupta Dynasty … Zhuangzi is the compendium of Daoist philosophy Edited and compiled the Zhou classics for his disciples to study The Essenes, sect of Judaism; Dead Sea Scrolls, Series of generals seizing throne Skill Summary Legend (Opens a modal) Ancient Persia. Suffering is caused by desire In ancient China, the Era of Warring States gave rise to influential philosophies including Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism. Paul of Tarsus was principle figure in spread of Christianity On the seas, long-distance trade was dominated by different empires, Buddhism first present in oasis towns of central Asia along silk roads; faith of the silk road In the countryside: peasants, some of whom were building underground canals (qanat) The Huns under Attila attacked Europe Roman authorities kept Germanic peoples on the borders as a buffer Spartacus's uprising in 73 bce Differentiation between the "elect" and the "hearers" Mystery religions promised eternal bliss for believers; like Cult of Osiris Imperial administration called for educated bureaucrats (tax collectors, record keepers, translators, etc) China: population dropped by a quarter from the first to seventh century ce Confucianism Emerges 479 BCE. Standardized coins, good trade routes, markets, banks Tomb was underground palace with army of life-size terra-cotta figures Rome sacked Greek influence- Stoicism The Eastern Empire governed out of Byzantium and the western Empire governed from Rome. Not popular among Chinese, but practical; put end to Period of Warring States, Spokesman for Confucian school Roman empire provided glassware, jewelry, artworks, perfumes, textiles Officially sponsored Zoroastrianism during the Sasanid empire With trade and commerce new social groups of artisans, craftsmen, and merchants appeared Popularity of Buddhism as a religion of salvation; nomadic rulers embraced it, Towns dotted the India countryside after 600 bce Siege technique "tortoise" Roman navy kept the seas largely free of pirates This world is an imperfect reflection of world of Forms Darius regarded Ahura Mazda as supreme god Hinduism gradually replaced Buddhism in India, Early Buddhism made heavy demands on individuals (Hinayana, "lesser vehicle") Elusive concept: an eternal principle governing all the workings of the world The imperial institutions began to take root, Charismatic Jewish teacher, taught devotion to God and love for human beings Empire declined after his death because of financial problems- devalued currency, trade with China, Greece, Rome, Nomads from Central Asia Weakened by wars with Rome, falls to internal rebellion, From Persia, toppled Parthians Stimulated development of surrounding areas Stone fortresses in the Peloponnesus (southern Greece) protected agricultural settlements Ascetic lifestyle and high ethical standards The period of 600 BCE to 600 CE featured the development of some of the most influential world belief systems. Ascetic lifestyle See more Science and Technology timelines. Became the most influential faith in the Mediterranean by the third century ce, Monotheistic Jews considered state cults to be blasphemy